The Community Works Programme (CWP) of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (fYRM), is an active labor market policy intervention implemented through a collaboration between the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and local municipalities, and funded centrally by the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy (MLSP) since 2014. Under the programme the participating municipalities, with the support of the Employment Services Agency (ESA) and UNDP, train and employ workers from a pool of long-term unemployed to serve as social care providers to different target groups in the local community, namely the elderly, adults or children with disabilities or pre-school children.
The CWP targets selective employment of unemployed workers registered in the ESA Register, particularly vulnerable population groups, including social benefit recipients and long-term unemployed. Those selected are employed by the local municipalities at a part-time job (20 hours per week) for a period of six months, in the provision of services according to the needs of local community citizens. The type of services to be provided are determined through a local needs assessment. Monthly remuneration is at MKD 6,200 in 2016 prices (corresponding to approximately half the minimum monthly wage of MKD 13,986),2 which includes personal income tax and insurance against accidents at work and occupational diseases. Social benefit recipients are entitled to use social benefit during their work engagement.
The CWP foresees that while the employed workers provide services to local communities, they also gain work experience and professional skills that will increase their employability in the future. Hence the intervention is justified on two grounds: improving the quality, efficiency and inclusiveness of public services by supporting local governments to fulfill their responsibilities for social care, education and healthcare towards vulnerable groups in disadvantaged regions; while at the same time encouraging inclusion of long-term unemployed workers in the labour market.
The programme was piloted by UNDP in 4 municipalities in 2012. Given its popularity, it was expanded initially to 14 municipalities in 2013, 30 municipalities in 2014, reaching a maximum of 42 municipalities in 2015, and back to 30 municipalities in 2016. In this period, it is reported that over 17 thousand people
|13% of humans are white - please don't let their vested interests end our specis---in english speaking world those who have not been censored by politicians have known democracy is useless -nay species terminating - unless big vested interests are kept out of capital cities-see the economist journals on this between 1843-1989 but not since directors included at critical times in 2000s capital one and google no wonder eu and usa have the worst kill rates of their citizens by covid for failing to understand this lesson- meanwhile astra zeneca shareholders should take a class action against every european leader who scapegoats the worlds most affordable vaccine- there has been at least 6 months to model how to distribute vacine- unless eu leaders who have failed their people the euro will become worthless..so much for the real lessons of entrepreneurship which the french said they defined the word around in 1800 but have so utterly failed since their politicians have played big get bigger games with eu and g8. want a second opinion - ask romano prodi why he translated the economist's 1976 entreprenurial revolution into italian or ask george soro why he was the first rich man to support gorbachev and those trying to make the fall of the berlin wall happy for orinary peoples of every place apart from stalinistos or ask pope francis why he lodged a formal complaint against strasbourdg's relenltess destruction of young europeans||astra.place - when european leaders kill their own people with misinformation on astra zeneca- over and over- what will be the punishment? jean monnet must be rolling in his grave at such scary leadership|
wish audrey tang's curriculum was celebrated in all schools - and her reverse mentorship paradigm was core to sdg leadership
of europe's top politicians overlast 25 years beggars belief- now killing people through poorly designed random testing of vaccines that delayed roll-out and adaptability to virus variation- previously multiplier of subprime unemployment, destruction of livelihoods at europe borders inside outside eu, destroying a place's peoples opportunity to invest in either relative advantages or their own most entrepreneurial data mapmakers- to discuss rsvp firstname.lastname@example.org - co-organised under 30s cop26 andtenth yearof adam smith scholars journal..
EUROPE: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,
Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,Switzerland, (Turkey), Ukraine, United Kingdom, Vatican City.
SPECIAL THANKS 2020 TO EUROPE'S LIVESMATTER.CITY coalition: barcelona rome oxford-glasgow vienna geneva ...q1 when vaccine is born how can it be marketed so 7.5 billion ;;livesmatter? q2 from zoomuni.net- how can students and teachers help celebrate advancing sdgs on 75th year of UN
The Economist's entrepreneurial revolutions 49th annual league table of places sees barcelona and vienna playing most critical roles as tipping points of sdgs collapse unless we get back to understanding 90% of innovations advancing human lot start small deep and long in communi8ty or family lab not 90 day extraction mba thrones.
timelines of worldclassbrands -what if purpose of brand leaders will exponentially determine success or failure of our final 40 year examination in species sustainability -launched in 1988 with a series in the economist - year of brand, death of brand manager- what needed to die as the world united around death of distance technolgues was the advertising paradim of battling for minds with a different brand for every new product and in every different language- what would be the mos importnant new geres of brands? places? faiths? big data local platforms - how would adam smith and james watt quarter of a century 1760-2010 morph into humanising moore machine intel than human as we entered 4G and 5G decades: back in 1960s alumni of moore had promised 100 times more computation power every decade 0g 1970s onwards - thats an exponential of trillion times moore by end of 2030 than needed to code moon landing- such power depended on trust in collaboration around globalistion's most purposeful brand leaders as well as integration of community sized enterprise value chains if sustainabity golals were to be a united reality not just a greenwashing game
universityofstars -what if world class sporting leagues prepped uber champoins- once you're too old to stay top of the pops in sports song or beauty, what if you already know an sdg leader you want to share your and her alumni with
-launched 2004 in delhi with 100- gandhians after seeing some early reality tv competitions as well as writing up 184's story of the critical deadlines of morphing digital and pre-digital media to be the sustainably deepest of both not the socially most trivial -more