EUROPE: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, (Turkey), Ukraine, United Kingdom, Vatican City...SPECIAL THANKS 2020 TO EUROPE'S LIVESMATTER.CITY coalition: barcelona rome oxford-glasgow vienna
2020q1 when vaccine is born how can it be marketed so 7.5 billion
2020q2 from how can students and teachers help celebrate advancing sdgs on 75th year of UN

The Economist's entrepreneurial revolutions 49th annual league table of places sees barcelona and vienna playing most critical roles as tipping points of sdgs collapse unless we get back to understanding 90% of innovations advancing human lot start small deep and long in communi8ty or family lab not 90 day extraction mba thrones. Hong MOng takes over as startup epicentral in spite of western fake media to contrary
timelines of
worldclassbrands -what if purpose of brand leaders will exponentially determine success or failure of our final 40 year examination in species sustainability -launched in 1988 with a series in the economist - year of brand, death of brand manager- what needed to die as the world united around death of distance technolgues was the advertising paradim of battling for minds with a different brand for every new product and in every different language- what would be the mos importnant new geres of brands? places? faiths? big data local platforms - how would adam smith and james watt quarter of a century 1760-2010 morph into humanising moore machine intel than human as we entered 4G and 5G decades: back in 1960s alumni of moore had promised 100 times more computation power every decade 0g 1970s onwards - thats an exponential of trillion times moore by end of 2030 than needed to code moon landing- such power depended on trust in collaboration around globalistion's most purposeful brand leaders as well as integration of community sized enterprise value chains if sustainabity golals were to be a united reality not just a greenwashing game

universityofstars -what if world class sporting leagues prepped uber champoins- once you're too old to stay top of the pops in sports song or beauty, what if you already know an sdg leader you want to share your and her alumni with
-launched 2004 in delhi with 100- gandhians after seeing some early reality tv competitions as well as writing up 184's story of the critical deadlines of morphing digital and pre-digital media to be the sustainably deepest of both not the socially most trivial -more

Fascinating to track with hudson institute how many european countries have given up with the official advice of mr trump on building g5 and are letting carriers just do it with whomever offers the best deal washington dc technology's biggest leap -breaking 14 nov - many nations and continents are racing into 2020s with probably the biggest innovation crisis ever du8e to greed of governments spectrum auctions at $G #G- failure to let the peoples use 5g video would 5G exist without china -discussion welcome

Wednesday, September 23, 2020

 see latest danone report inclusion of carbon as well as profit units

Danone North America Partners With Brightseed To Discover New Health Benefits in Plants Using Artificial Intelligence Technology

● Innovative food partnership between Danone and Brightseed will unlock health benefits from plants at an unprecedented speed.

● Brightseed’s artificial intelligence is ushering in a new era of discovery and precision nutrition.

plea that itu infrastructure helps women nature food build resilient communities

one planet one health -food framework of danone - diseases related to diets

danone ventures fund

danone social businesses developing world

partners of startup brightseed- west usa - we only know 1% of overall plant kingdom- forrager system exploring 99% planet

on health side scanned metabolics of human health and diet- finding new nutricios plants - potential future solution- small startup but leveraging ai field diversity - need right food in right place

dont look at ai just from top - ai for peoples needs resilient communities - leaders needed to serve community last mile servants

climate agriculture irrigation gone past global limits - people need local food security - cf goal 32 hunger 3 health 4 edu 5 womens lives matter- need to localise maps of food and health system deep ai data can do tar

over reliant in few very complex global chains - one crisis in chain whole collapse- get back to local food recipes -new agri model will fit what planet is able to deliver locally

 with products from soil - reintro biodiversity with startup called howgood

You 11:18 AM 

emmanuel - if i recall you and danone founder riboud first convened people at hec to start a sustainability mba in 2005 - could hec and itu partner in a free mooc sharing nature-human-machine solutions community building youth could apply? my family tree 4 generations working in asia where two thirds live but coming from glasgow adam smith never separated nature from his mapping of the start of machine age with james watt- we'd love to zoom anytime on road to cop26 being co-staged with franciscans out of italy and hopefulyl dual language friends at frances mission to un eg fabrice jaumont

Ushnish Sengupta 11:24 AM 

Do you see potential for Blockchain solutions in tracebility of food: organic, pesticide free, etc.  Do consumers want more information on where the food comes from, processes used etc.?

This question has been answered live

Rosario Galvan 11:33 AM 

Towards supporting women's health and economic empowerment in rural communities around the world, lack of land ownership therefore lack of capital assets is a huge problem. Any initiative Danone is undertaking to support them in that regard, so they can get financial backing, credit, and support from investors to increase chance of being truly sustainable entrepreneurs, not subsidiased?

Ushnish Sengupta 11:42 AM 

What is the name of the initiative mentioned with 25  largest “soil” based companies providing more valuable information to consumers?

Elizabeth Chee 11:22 AM 

What about the role of harmful pesticides on agriculture not only in developed nations but also developing countries that have been know to be cancer causing? How is the model taking that into account if we really want to focus on food security since they are all interlinked and have a tremendous impact on the bio food chain across the environment?

Elizabeth Chee 11:56 AM 0/23

Thank you for your response and I am in agreement. Would be great for a big company like Danone to lead the way putting pressure on Government to stand up to monoliths of the Monsanto of the world.

Chat and Q&A 11:29 AM 

Question from YouTube: ​Is Danone looking into AI, robotics and vertical farming to reduce strain on natural environments and localise the food supply chain?

This question has been answered live

Alessandro Brandolisio 11:42 AM 

Milk prices that big industry players like Danone dictate, make it hard for family farms to compete with big industrialized dairy farms. How does this fit into Danone’s future vision?

Caroline Pathy 11:51 AM 

In relation to your ambitions for Danone over the next 5 years, do you have frustrations about where technology is letting you down?  What would you like to see the tech world do more of?


I remember a study of autonomous car asking if it’s better to kill the driver or pedestrian in case the accident could not be avoided… with various results

You 11:18 AM 

emmanuel - if i recall you and danone founder riboud first convened people at hec to start a sustainability mba in 2005 - could hec and itu partner in a free mooc sharing nature-human-machine solutions community building youth could apply? my family tree 4 generations working in asia where two thirds live but coming from glasgow adam smith never separated nature from his mapping of the start of machine age with james watt- we'd love to zoom anytime on road to cop26 being co-staged with franciscans out of italy and hopefulyl dual language friends at frances mission to un eg fabrice jaumont

Ushnish Sengupta 11:24 AM 

Do you see potential for Blockchain solutions in tracebility of food: organic, pesticide free, etc.  Do consumers want more information on where the food comes from, processes used etc.?

This question has been answered live

Rosario Galvan 11:33 AM 

Towards supporting women's health and economic empowerment in rural communities around the world, lack of land ownership therefore lack of capital assets is a huge problem. Any initiative Danone is undertaking to support them in that regard, so they can get financial backing, credit, and support from investors to increase chance of being truly sustainable entrepreneurs, not subsidiased?

Ushnish Sengupta 11:42 AM 

You 12:30 PM 

how does this approach connect with emanuel  fabers request that ethical ai double looped to include smallest enterprises in community fields with their diversity of innovation inputs- we were talking of apps that sustained their life critical changes often more combinatorial than top down standardisers

Elizabeth Chee 11:22 AM 

What about the role of harmful pesticides on agriculture not only in developed nations but also developing countries that have been know to be cancer causing? How is the model taking that into account if we really want to focus on food security since they are all interlinked and have a tremendous impact on the bio food chain across the environment?

Elizabeth Chee 11:56 AM 

Thank you for your response and I am in agreement. Would be great for a big company like Danone to lead the way putting pressure on Government to stand up to monoliths of the Monsanto of the world.

Sunday, September 6, 2020

2 spaniards with sustainable world views

  1. Dennis Small (U.S.), EIR Ibero-American Editor
  2. Marcelo Muñoz (Spain), founder and President Emeritus of Cátedra China, dean of Spanish businessmen in China

Monday, August 31, 2020

road to glasgow nov 2021 cop26 special future newsletter series 15.1

15.1 with 15 months to go to the greatest happening in glasgow since smith and watt began the age of machine and man glasgow u 1760 we will try and issue monthly report on who is linking what home networks in the urgent race to orbit sustainably around mother earth

15.1 reminds us that as little as a year ago unga74 youth believed they were still being heard on climate and sir fazle abed in our view the greatest 20th c alumn of glasgow u was still alive-and the bbc's one truth journalist was being celegrated for his next green opus 7 worlds - bias note i went to school with his nephew- while it was only for 2 years his dad richard went on to produe gandhi, whose 20 years in mumbai overlapped with my mothers upbrnging as her dad sir kennet kemp was mumbai's chief justice

to vc brac u- where are you at the moment?
a bit more on matthew bishop
In a new report, Matthew Bishop of the Rockefeller Foundation’s Bellagio Center has tried to rekindle the spirit of optimism that produced the global goals.  “There are still 10 years to get things right,” he says. “The good news is that proven models exist and provide us with a model of what needs to be done.” Bishop’s recipe includes turning the kind of CEO rhetoric we’ve seen from the Business Roundtable into action and closer scrutiny of those who sign up for initiatives like the UN’s Principles for Responsible Investment but “have done the bare minimum in terms of implementation”.  The incentive for those in business and finance, he says, is that “there are potentially huge fortunes to be made”. 
its my assumption bishop is in new york but his italian assignment The Bellagio Center - The Rockefeller Foundation  may be interesting- i dont know what this retreat is famous for but i have read that now cop26 glasgow is postponed to nov 2021 italy is joining with scotland in hosting it

bishop used to do special assignments for economist editor john micklethwait- they both moved to new york around 2015 - micklethwait to edit bloomberg news John Micklethwait - Bloomberg -there is also a halfday 
esg zoom hosted my moodys

-the 2 people my father expected to continue uniting east-west both died suddenly so the smithian editorilal purpose of the economist from founding in 1843 got lost in 1990s- it was already gone before mickletwait/bishop led it through 2005-15 

imo its best to frame the view that every leader who really knew fazle abed in 2010s heard him talking about university coalitions as the succession to his achievements in uniting the largest sdg partnership
 including the 3 hour brief on that topic he gave in remembrance of dad at japan embassy in dhaka 2012

- if soros-botstein yung economics scholars, central euro uni and open society university netwrking osun etc  helping you and ban ki-moon do what you want fine- but the more i look at soros people the more i cant see how they  linkin the two thirds who are asian except with a couple of activist projects eg palestine- and the more i wonder if there is anyone who updates soros on tech for sdgs

my fathers italian friend romano prodi -italian translator of entrepreneurial revolution 1976- has been over to beijing many times connecting students- it would be interesting if bishop is eager to unie prodi or of course any scots relevant to what smith and watt started up

gordon browns wife is hosting the only education summit at the unga75 in  that i can find - tell me if you want the registration details- gordon loved fazle abed but never really put a funding consortium around him - i suppose as the un's overall envoy for education he couldnt take sides; also this years 4 day bloomberg summit is free to zoom - more at 


Tuesday, August 18, 2020

9th last sdg year- starting the student year20-21 from un in europe, geneva switzerland

the un's main web in europeis geneva -not only world health and trade who and wto there- prctical tradingmaps are made at unctad, its sister pracice arena the itu gets billionaires of mobile nations to debate their future maps, peace and nuclear are also mediated out of genevas' as our corporations 4 industrial revolutions at the world economic form- its big 3 annual events are davos the nearest moutain resort to geneva, china's radical tech and community champions, un in new york -its 4 metahubs apart from genva are beijing tokyo delhi san fran

Program of Events
Note: The time schedule is expressed in Central European Summer Time (CEST)
Saturday 15
2 – 2:30 pm Introduction - Young Scholars Initiative (Link to Attend)
Description: The session is specifically curated for the participants of the Summer School to introduce them to the Young Scholars of the Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET-YSI) and the UNCTAD Summer School 2020. During the session, we will briefly touch upon the structure of the Summer School and the technical modalities of the online platform. We will also present the details of the mentorship program and the blogpost writing competition. We will also use this session to address any other general or technical queries that the participants might have. Finally, we will also discuss ways in which the participants can be involved with the activities of INET-YSI beyond the Summer School.
Sunday 16
1 pm Welcome, Presentation of the School and Opening Keynote: “Why Do We Need to Transform Economics and How Do We Do It?” (Link to Attend)
Richard Kozul-Wright (UNCTAD)
Keynote Address: Jayati Ghosh (Jawaharlal Nehru University)
Debunking Myths Session: Myths About International Trade and Competitiveness (Link to Attend)
Moderator: Richard Kozul-Wright (UNCTAD)
2.30 pm Ha-Joon Chang (University of Cambridge)
3.45 pm Fiona Tregenna (University of Johannesburg)
Description: International trade theory has a vaunted place in the economics canon and its abiding notion of comparative advantage lies behind the one-size-fits all policy advice to liberalize as the assured way for countries to integrate beneficially into the global economy. In reality, international trade relations have always been structured around asymmetric patterns of dominance, economies of scale and technological learning and successful economies
have rarely embraced a simple policy of rapid tariff reductions. This opening session will provide an introduction to the debates around international trade and its place in today hyperglobalised world economy.
Monday 17
Debunking Myths Session: Myths About Monetary Policy, Inflation Targeting and Central Bank Independence (Link to Attend)
Moderator: Nurlan Jahangirli (University of Hamburg, YSI)
2 pm Mary O’Sullivan (University of Geneva)
3.30 pm Matias Vernengo (Bucknell University) -the only way nations have ever developed is state capitalism or finding a way to collect huge foregn reserves before focusing on a development leap
Description: Much of the pro-growth policy effort deployed in the past 10 years relied on the action of the central banks. The possible continuation of this framework in the Covid-19 crisis calls once again into question the actual capacity of conventional and unconventional monetary policy to trigger and reinforce a recovery, the fitness of the international monetary architecture to guarantee stability and, more broadly, the political role – both nationally and internationally – of central banks.
Tuesday 18
2 pm Thematic Symposium: What Green New Deal Can We (Not Not) Afford? (Link to Attend)
Moderator: Diana Vivienne Barrowclough (UNCTAD)
Richard Kozul-Wright (UNCTAD)
Juan Carlos Moreno Brid (National Autonomous University of Mexico-UNAM) -the triple whammy of covid is hitting latin am nations much worse than is being admitted- at the moment i cant  see any nation preventing loss of at least a decade of development
Juliet Schor (Boston College)
Description: The pandemic demanded a high human death toll, and it challenged the organization of our economies and lifestyles. But another looming disaster menaces our very own survival: the climate crisis. What can we and must we do about it? Is there a conflict between green economy, and development and full employment policies? What are the current challenges across the world? What is politically feasible?
Wednesday 19
Debunking Myths Session: Myths About Fiscal Policy and Structural Reforms (Link to Attend)
Moderator: Orsola Costantini (UNCTAD)
2 pm Nelson Barbosa (Sao Paulo School of Economics)
3.30 pm Jan Kregel (Levy Economics Institute of Bard College)- real economists are very fristrated- while we know when to urgently deploy a keynsian solution, politics has broken down so much that in crisis keysianism becomes the last ideology to be adopted
Description: Committing to do “whatever it takes” amounted to admitting that anything is possible. In front of evidence of past failure, is it still possible for policymakers to justify fiscal austerity and the compression of the living standards of the largest share of the population? What are the main relevant economic concepts at play and what are the practical challenges in designing a fiscal policy?
Thursday 20
2 pm Thematic Symposium: The Growth of China (Link to Attend)
Moderator: Yuefen Li (South Centre)
Kevin Gallagher (Boston University)
Arkebe Oqubay (Government of Ethiopia)
Justin Yifu Lin (Peking University)
Description: China has emerged as a global political and economic power, but just how strong is its model and what will its implications be in the post -pandemic?
Friday 21
2 pm Thematic Symposium: Discrimination and Intersectionality: Exposing the Blind Spots of Conventional Economics and Policy-Making (Link to Attend)
Moderator: Surbhi Kesar (Azim Premji University, YSI)
Elissa Braunstein (Colorado State University)
Naila Kabeer (London School of Economics)
Rhonda V. Sharpe (Women’s Institute for Science, Equity, and Race)
Description: Very few economists would argue that discrimination should persist. But the interpretation of the nature of the problems is just as divisive as the suggestion of appropriate policies.
Saturday 22
2 pm Thematic Symposium: The Future of Work, the Future of Welfare (Link to Attend)
Moderator: Piergiuseppe Fortunato (UNCTAD)
Deborah James (Center for Economic and Policy Research CEPR)
Ipek Ilkkaracan (Istanbul Technical University- ITU)
Guy Standing (SOAS University of London)
Description: Experts have been denouncing the dualism and inequality in the labor market both in the developed and in the developing countries. The current crisis has both intensified and transformed those tensions. How does the future of labor look like, and how can governments respond and adapt welfare institutions? What choices are they likely to make?
Sunday 23
2 pm Concluding Debate: Neoliberalism is Dead. Long Live…What? (Link to Attend)
Moderator: Grace Blakeley (International Progressive Policy Review-IPPR)
Jayati Ghosh (Jawaharlal Nehru University)
Gerald Epstein (University of Massachusetts, Amherst-UMass)
Surbhi Kesar (Azim Premji University, YSI)
Rob Davies (Ex-Minister, Trade and Industry, South Africa)
Quinn Slobodian (Wellesley College)
Description: The effort deployed by governments during and after the lockdown led observers to claim that globalization and the Neoliberal order, already shaky, have finally given way to a new state-driven nationalist model. While hopes for a new more equitable global system remain open, the dollar has proven to remain soundly at the top of the international monetary hierarchy. Similarly, the power of big financialized corporations does not seem to diminish, nor previous geopolitical tensions around the world have disappeared.
How to Apply:
Deadline for applications: August 10th
UNCTAD summer school welcomes applications from young policy makers and scholars, as well as members of the diplomatic corps.
To apply to summer school please visit the application form.
Contact information
For specific inquiries, please contact: or
General Information
The school is jointly organized by the Division on Globalization and Development Strategies at UNCTAD and the INET-Young Scholars Initiative.
Organizers information
UNCTAD is a permanent intergovernmental body established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1964. The organization is governed by its 194 member States and is the United Nations body responsible for dealing with economic and sustainable development issues with a focus on trade, finance, investment and technology. It helps developing countries to participate equitably in the global economy. UNCTAD carries out economic research, produces innovative analyses and makes policy recommendations to support government decision-making.
Division on Globalization and Development Strategies at UNCTAD
The Division promotes policies at the national, regional and international level that are conducive to stable economic growth and sustainable development. It regularly examines the trends and prospects in the world economy, undertakes studies on the requirements for successful development strategies and on the debt problems of developing countries. It also provides technical support to developing countries in their efforts to integrate into the international financial system and to manage their external debt.
INET- Young Scholars Initiative
YSI is an international community comprised of students, young professionals, and researchers. It provides a home to students, young professionals, or others who embrace new and critical ways of thinking about the economy. YSI fosters conversation between like-minded peers and connects young scholars to the Institute’s vast network of economists. YSI provides a platform for pursuing your interests in new economic thinking and a lively and stimulating intellectual environment for collaborating on furthering our understanding of the economy. The goal is for every member to be able to follow their curiosity and find resources and support for their specific intellectual pursuits in the overall community effort.

Monday, August 17, 2020

why brand experts cant see europe leading the sdg generation unless

linked reference

if you make a list of the moving parts that advances a 21st c region the europe isnt designed to be "moore" than the sum of the parts-moore's 100 times tech multipliers each decade needed forward looking entrepreneurship not historical politicking; the eu isn neither agile -how do we urgently unite around new challenge -eg virus - nor exponentially integrating communities with what youth could be innovating as 4 post industrial revolutions surround our online potentials as networkers as much as 4 directions of the compass define our possibilities to supply and demand physical things- in between 2020 was the decade when for an extra 5 dollars any thing could have had more analytical power than a human brain but remained as dumb as the deep data it was told to crunch and operate humans round- 21st c generations needed the best of privacy and transparency- the eu is designed around the worst of both worlds- as is washington dc but its worst comes from having no history in the old world until 1945 whereas the europeans who once built america seem to be incapable of translating the new education coalitions sustainabity goals required

viewing the world from specific european programming of national mindsets
our list shows germany dominates policy because of
1 the euro is fixed so the biggest nation dominates banking investments if not all of its richest individual's practices - eg that left typically to luxembourg, monaco, switzerland
2 german knowledge dominates old engineering ie planes airbus, cars,trains- europe doesnt do shipbuilding nor the pars of space that free people eg satellites, drones
3 germany's choices of energy policies have complex interactions on rest of europe- to unify east germany with west, germany needed russia's energy therefore the eu was never actually goind to support ukrainian or other countries that left the ussr if it broke the energy flow; because the german public probably correctly want to get out of nuclear even as germany looks into the engineering of how renewable grids come together its not yet ready to end its relationship with russia
4 to the extent that english is still an advantage in software, nordica and ireland as an america gateway lead that- nordica is the bridge to 5g; america is determined to slow down all the humanising of machine intel nationwide 5 g could have deep data'd
5 souls for the sdgs can be found in the two un brand nations- austria which is potentially open to every knowhow students of sustainability need -nations whose university coalitions could most help austria are netherlands already happening on new curricula mediated by ban-ki moon, ai could happen with nordica and in any particular sector that wants to give back to communities tby defining innovative deep data policies -to do this twinning youth with leading 5k asian nations is essential be that the island innovators like singapore, taiwan, hongkong or the big players in what ai does japan, korea, china; switzerland through geneva being europe's main policy debating space on everything - eg health, trade, what mobile owners do itu, nuclear and peace, but as noted in one does some of the actual financial flows for the richest individuals- one way youth can liberate part of swiss banking for old hidden agendas is to redesign global sports starting with the olympics -all its fashion sports: eg gymnastics, swimming, skating,  - and keeping on demanding both transparency and youth involvement in lives matter of world cup football
6 of the 3 main nations that could stand up for franciscan values - italy remains the only one that needed the med sea to return to the happy bay area it was in marcopolos days linking positively every rout to asia before the anglo-dutch domination of asia's coastal belt by circumnavigating africa -and of course much later the suez canal's disturbance of all nations interfacing at the 3 continents landbridge aka middle east aka west asia
7 spains big influence remains linguistic - with spanish being spoken more than english across the continent of america
8 the irony of france is it remains the nation of bon-viveur rural life particularly gastonomy and historical tourism but where does that go in a covid world
9 you need to revisit each sector -agriculture to end poverty isnt done by europe unless it chooses where its aid actually learns from typically village women empowerment- eg the bangladesh bracuniversity coalition can be a beacon of light; note the irony while phara policy is controled out of swiss and us big pharma, when you need innovation to end viruses its still places with roots back to fleming and nightingale like boston and oford who may deliver the student brilliance

Sunday, August 16, 2020

dear stephen davies THANKS!
these 2 briefings on china and education are the happiest contributions to entrepreneurial revolution since the death of my father norman macrae 2010 whose life surviving war as teenager in bomber command present-day myanmar encompassed last class tutored by keynes, 40 years at the economist, doubling up scottish diaspora curiosity through the maternal side of my family tree including grandad sir kenneth kemp who wrote up legalese of india's independence after 20 years as mumbai's chief justice mediating gandhi and for several years judge on iea/fisher prizes

after economist survey celebrating rise of japan in 1962 including at least one speech prince charles made in his superb relationship building with japan emperor, sony etc, father took on how to roll back dismal traps of british empire across the majority of the worlds people living on continent of asia; as well as connecting this with two other movements- how 100 times "moore" tech and mobile coms required celebration of leapfrogging every 1g to 5g decades 1980s to 2020s (our 1984 book the 2025 report -english version 2024 report-argued only educational transformation could achieve this)- plus dad's 1977 economist survey of china composed round 3 cheers

3 china had discovered rural keynsianism partly with borlaug alumni and partly with bangladesh fazle abed's women lift up half the sky by building rural health interventions

2 deng had concluded he wanted tsinghua to learn deming engineering from the japanese- the work of ezra vogel goes into deep detail on this

1 above all china was betting its future on education in line with adam smith opposite to british empire education - dads 1986 paper

please tell me at any time if there is any way i can connect with your teams between now and eg glasgow cop26 nov 2021 where we hope to organise a fringe festival on health, education and oriental friendships as well as climate : i know the bbc studio of david attenborough whose nephew i grew up with at school please say- adam smith is often misunderstood- he hated the slavery colonial model london had already spun south and east- with first engineer james watt he advocated the age of humans and machines should go west from 1760 with united states of english speaking- by all means our island should be a state led out of eg Philadelphia subject to one condition- not just legalisation to end slavery but compensating any owner of a business model eg plantations flowing round slavery to be taken over with a new model that valued lives matter- the whole advance west could have freed people with smiths model instead of by 1860 china closing itself to world trade rather than accept britannia proposition of opium as a trading currency

britain absolutely has a responsibility to the two thirds of humans who are asian as well as the fifth that are chinese and 0.1% who are hong kong-

thank you for raising hope as many tipping points crash over the next 5 quarters- i live in washington dc region where the hate between nations spiralled by trump means that the coalition needed between now and nov 2021 to leap over broken health, trade, bad banking fintech, lost edutech, deep data tech , trust , true media,  climate systems if to be translated in english wont be led from dc -not in the next 15 month timeframe- there is hope in the soros osun coalition OSUN | Open Society University Network at Bard College


but i am unclear which london network of this would celebrate your views- i think the vice chancellor of oxford could bridge both smithian cop26 and schwarzma-mit-tsinghua if you know her

also dad's 1976 survey entrepreneurial revolution enjoyed italian translation by a young romano prodi- if he or franciscans can unite italy's contributions to cop26 this can mitigate english speaking world loss of influence with the eu - a peculiarly top heavy network since its birth at messina 1955 where dad was the only journalist

whatsapp/mobile +1 240316 8157 norman macrae family foundation outofbeltway

On Sunday, 16 August 2020, 03:59:55 GMT-4, Institute of Economic Affairs <> wrote:

  • ON THE UP?


Last week Syed Kamall and I published a joint paper on the approach that the UK and other Western countries should take towards the Chinese state, in the aftermath of Covid-19. There is clearly a significant cooling of relations going on, in response to the increasingly aggressive behaviour of Beijing and the way it handled the initial onset of the virus, and many fear, or hope, that this will lead to a second Cold War with the CPR.

We argued that this would be mistaken and costly and rested upon a mistaken idea of the goals and motives of the Chinese leadership, but also that a business-as-usual approach was not sustainable. We proposed a third path – of some economic engagement, but combined with action by civil society and private bodies to develop contacts with people within China who opposed the regime and to support them.

On Thursday the IEA published my paper on the way forward for the UK’s university system given the funding crisis brought about by the pandemic.

'To a radical degree' argues that financially distressed institutions should not be bailed out. Things like rescues and mergers should not be used to produce a slimmed down system that is more focused on STEM. Instead we should take the opportunity to rethink HE policy pursued by governments of both parties since the mid-1980s, and move to a much more pluralistic and varied system. Above all, there is a need to break the link between having a degree and access to high paid or high-status jobs.

The paper was released to time with A-level results which, it would be fair to say, have been a monumental shambles. The despair and angst on display emphasises the point of the paper: why do so many people think that their entire life prospects or those of their children depend on getting into university at 18 (or, even worse, a particular university)? As a society, we need to rethink this. I discussed the findings of the paper in a video, and wrote articles for City AM and the IEA blog.

Dr Stephen Davies
Head of Education, Institute of Economic Affairs

This week, GDP figures published by the ONS confirmed what we already knew: the UK fell into recession in the second quarter of this year.

The data made for sombre reading, but the real "news" is that the recovery that began in May accelerated in June. Quoted in The Sun, IEA Economics Fellow Julian Jessop commented that while there is still a long way to go before these green shoots return the economy to where it was before the pandemic struck, "mighty oaks grow from little acorns".

Julian added that "people now need to be encouraged to come off furlough and get back to work as soon as possible — whether this is for their existing employer or for another business that is better able to cope with the ‘new normal’, whatever that may prove to be". You can read his response in full here.

Julian’s comments also appeared in The Telegraph. He argued that data revealing the biggest quarterly fall in productivity on record "was to be expected," given that during a recession firms tend to focus on preserving jobs so they can avoid the cost of firing and then rehiring workers.

Also in The TelegraphIEA Editorial and Research Fellow Professor Len Shackleton responded to the ONS labour market statistics on Tuesday, which showed that Covid-19 job losses have hit the oldest and youngest workers the hardest. Len argued that these workers "represent an important potential resource and should not be forgotten by policymakers". Read his comment in full here.

Tuesday, July 28, 2020

no country valued fazle abed - a great among servant leaders - more than the netherlands

as scot sir tom hunter once said  in applauding an end poverty pioneer- the least we could do to thank a man like this is to act on what he asks- and yet even in britain the first place to give sir fazle a knighthood and probably aid's biggest investor in his schooling system- public servants never learnt to do what he lived

some notes from netherland journal the fat blue

european students wanting to study fazle abed's life work may well find his college partnership central european university vienna optimal- sir fazle's last world ranked visitor in dhaka ban ki-moon came to dhaka also to linkin brac university with vienna's world leading curricula - global climate adaptability and empowering youth's local to global civic engagement

july 2017

Fazle Hasan Abed: architect of poverty reduction

 6 juli 2017, 09:00

Photo&#39;s Fazle Hasan Abed: copyrights by Edwin Venema | De Mooilichterij (
Photo's Fazle Hasan Abed: copyrights by Edwin Venema | De Mooilichterij (

He holds the number 37 position on Fortune’s List of the World’s 50 Greatest Leaders and has won an incredible number of prestigious awards. He is the founder and chairperson of the world’s largest private development aid organisation, with 100,000 employees in 11 countries and a budget of one billion dollars. He is 81 years old, and his biography reads like an adventure novel. After 45 years, the ongoing success of his NGO called BRAC offers a convincing response to those cynics who declared development aid a thing of the past. His name is Sir Fazle Hasan Abed and De Dikke Blauwe spoke to this architect of poverty reduction during his visit to the Netherlands in mid-June.

The original text was written in Dutch by Edwin Venema
Photos: ©Edwin Venema | De Mooilichterij

English translation by Andrew Rogers, Writewell
2017 Lenthe | De Dikke Blauwe 

Agile mind

Fazle Hasan Abed is briefly in The Hague to visit the Dutch BRAC International satellite and, very smartly dressed, he appears right on time in the lobby of his hotel, less than 100 metres from the seat of Dutch government, where we agreed to meet. Although he now needs a cane to support himself physically, his mind is as agile, energetic and self-mocking as ever. ‘The fat blue’? The quirky name gets a generous laugh. The Dutch have a special place in his heart, he says during the photoshoot: he is a great admirer of both our art and straight-forward mentality.

Accounting in London

Abed was born on 27 April 1936 in Baniachong in what was then still British India. His father Siddiq Hasan and mother Syeda Sufya Khatun ­– who died at the young age of 44 – made sure he received a good education. After attending Dhaka College, Fazle Hasan headed to the University of Glasgow in 1954 at the age of 18 to study naval architecture. Then he went to  London to study accounting.  Soon he was working for royal dutch shell company and his career took off when he was appointed regional ceo for east pakistan

Return to Bangladesh

A. This introduction to the corporate business would define the future course of Abed’s life, which took a crucial turn in 1970. In this disastrous year, nearly half a million of his fellow countrymen and women perished in a catastrophic flood that touched the world. Shortly thereafter, Abed was forced to leave his country when the war of independence broke out. He temporarily moved back to London.  Abed sold his apartment and returned to his new motherland Bangladesh together with many other refugees and exiles.

Echternach procession

Abed decided to invest the money -then about 30000 dollars- from the sale of his London apartment in a fund that would help the poorest residents in his country; initially with emergency funds, and later structurally to help improve their living standards in the long-term. As a home base, he chose remote Sulla in the northeast of the country, and in 1972 established an NGO he called BRAC: Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee. Abed was aware of one thing: it would be a long and difficult battle. And it was and still is today – he emphasises: development aid is like an Echternach procession, in which the steps forward are slightly greater than the steps back.

Shameless self-enrichment

Abed: “When I started BRAC in 1972, my colleagues and I were rookies in the field of development aid. The history of aid in South Asia was brimming with well-intended but hopelessly unsuccessful attempts to help the poor. We were very aware of that and quickly realised the reasons behind it: corruption and mismanagement winning over good intentions. We saw that the local elite – the land owners, profiteering banks, village elders and police, often in collaboration – developed a variety of oblique constructions to steal money from the poorest of the poor. They shamelessly enriched themselves to the benefit of their friends, family and politicians at the expense of progress.”

An idealistic bachelor

Abed’s eyes glow when he talks of the early days: “I was an idealistic bachelor in my mid-thirties, and had the cocky idea that I could develop an approach that would be effective. My friends and family thought I was mad, but I was sure: I can make the difference, mainly based on very down-to-earth management skills. I based this on my knowledge as an accountant and experiences at Shell.”

community dynamics

Abed’s story is the perfect example of development aid which is entirely based on the actual needs of the grantees. A problem found in many types of aid is that it is more of a projection of the do-gooders than a solution to realistic problems. This meant that Abed and his team initially focused on observing and analysing the community dynamics: what are the power relations? Who influences whom? Which factors have the most impact? How and in what stages does the poor-poorer-poorest process work? Armed with this valuable information, BRAC started developing a method that focused on real life problems, culture, relations and gender.

Door to door for ten years

Abed gives an example from the 1970s: “On average women had seven children. We saw infant mortality in Bangladesh going through the roof and recognised that we would never be able to reduce the number of births without first dealing with infant mortality. To achieve this, we invested heavily in providing information on the importance of fluids when dehydrated by diarrhoea, which was the number one cause of death at the time.
“For ten years we went door to door to inform and train mothers. The results? Initially they were discouraging: less than 17% of mothers applied the knowledge and skills to keep their infants alive. But we didn’t give up. Door to door we mobilised the nation. A decade long, until we had reached every household in the country. Infant mortality due to diarrhoea dropped by 80%, deaths of children under five dropped from one in four to 38 in a thousand.”

Giving women a choice

Abed looks at me triumphantly to see the effect of these figures. A light and historically explainable rivalry with neighbour India pops up: “The income per capita in India is twice as high as in Bangladesh, but infant mortality is twice as high there as in our country… Our health care has improved, our food production has tripled, our economic growth is 7% and the average number of children per family has been reduced from nearly seven to two. Yes, indeed: two… When it comes to having children, women now have a choice; a choice which we presented to them on their doorsteps.”

Abandoning failed methods

Now, 45 years later, with his ambition undiminished, Abed is everything but naive: “The world has changed and, in many ways, we have seen significant progress. At the same time, we are still fighting some of the same battles. In particular, the approach to development aid in Africa failed miserably in various aspects during the early years. Corruption is still rife in our society, yet the fundamental indicators of human life have improved considerably. I think that’s because we learned to focus on the right indicators: hard facts and figures, such as the infant mortality rate, the under-5 mortality rate, family incomes and literacy. If we don’t remain focused on these issues – the figures that tell the story of how people’s lives have actually changed – we will never be able to abandon the failed methods from the past.”

Advanced measurement methods

“What ‘works’ in development aid is a question that has to be asked and answered time and again. I am proud that we have been a learning organisation from the start; a group of people who learn from their mistakes. This learning never ends. It’s never ‘finished’. I am happy to see that other organisations are taking a similar path of research and evaluation. New, more advanced measurement methods for the impact of development aid interventions – such as random sampling with control groups – are gradually becoming the norm.”

The attribution problem

Abed fully understands critics of impact measurements and also recognises the dangers of the ‘donor darlings’ when only aiming for results. He is also aware of the so-called attribution problem: how can you determine exactly whether changes are the result of your interventions when they involve incredibly complex chain problems with a seemingly infinite number of variables? Abed: “It’s all true and it especially applies to small organisations with limited interventions. In large, more holistic projects it is relatively easier to measure one’s impact on the aforementioned hard indicators.”

The need for patient capital

Not taking the effort to determine the impact of your interventions based on the complexity or practical issues is not an option, according to Abed. “Before measuring your social impact, it is important to understand that social investments will often not have a direct result. Development markets require ‘patient capital’: money invested based on the concept that a direct financial return doesn’t apply. And sometimes there will not be any profit at all.”

Ecosystem for business

Abed provides an example: “In the 1990s BRAC started investing in maize seed in Bangladesh. The goal was to help smaller, often female poultry farmers with a higher quality animal feed. At the time, the maize market was nearly non-existent: we even had to give smaller poultry farmers a buy-back guarantee to convince them to plant the new seeds. The ultimate goal was to create an ecosystem for business. The maize market in Bangladesh is now up and running, with a large number of private companies – including ours, which is called BRAC Seed – competing for the favour of the farmers. We have thus created our own competition, but in our view, that’s a great success!”

Having an impact

Abed laughs when making that statement. He is familiar with the criticism of BRAC, which in Bangladesh only depends on donations for around 20%, generating the other 80% of income via its own social enterprises and micro-financing. This has become a business model and the development organisation is said to have become too commercial and focused on profit; a concept in line with the image of an out of control aid industry. Abed responds coolly: “All income from our enterprises is returned to our projects. And I personally believe that you must always aim to have an impact, socially and/or financially.”

Blurring boundaries

Chinese walls between pure for profits and NGOs – if they ever existed – are no longer applicable. Abed: “The boundaries between big business and social impact are blurring, partly due to the pressure from corporate shareholders of listed companies to look at sustainability and corporate social responsibility. On the other hand, NGOs and civil society organisations have turned a few pages of the business book themselves, and sometimes function as normal companies with a triple bottom mentality: focus on people, profit and planet.”

It begins with business

“Look, when young people ask me for advice about starting development work, I often say – to their surprise – that they should first work in business for a year or so. It didn’t do me any harm. I was tried and tested as an accountant and employee at Shell, and am still grateful for that today. I learned valuable lessons on how to realise plans in an operationally efficient and large-scale way.”

Income from own activities

The development of various hybrid organisation types, in which business and social impact are linked, is a hopeful one Abed says: “Because you want to generate sustainable impact and not always depend on donors. And let’s be clear: while BRAC is eternally and deeply grateful to its donors, I have always emphasised that we should try to be as self-sufficient as possible. It is no coincidence that the majority of BRAC’s income in Bangladesh comes from our own activities, such as various social enterprises and micro-financing, and companies for textile, seeds and dairy products.”

Revenue models lead to dilemmas

This more entrepreneurial approach also generates intense debates on the course of the organisation within BRAC itself. Revenue models lead to dilemmas, because they often introduce the same perverse stimuli that may easily result in creeping corruption of the initial goals. Abed: “We are currently looking at ways to recover our schooling costs. Our education programmes are self-financed for 35%. Public education in Bangladesh is not especially high-quality and it is mainly the middle class that is willing to contribute to private schooling. Four-fifths of this group is willing to spend a small amount – around 20 dollars a month – on access to our BRAC schools, which have an excellent reputation in the field of primary education. The 20 percent with the lowest income who cannot afford it are admitted for free.”

Dinner with Steve and Laurene Jobs

The success of the BRAC methods developed over the decades and measured independently by prestigious universities in the US and UK. Catching the attention of leaders and businessmen abroad, the UN and World Bank approached Abed with a request to implement the BRAC programmes in Afghanistan after the military invention by the West there. And so he did.
 Abed: “And then I met Apple’s Steve Jobs in 2002 after being on a discussion panel with his wife Laurene. During a dinner at his house, Steve asked me: “How come it took you 30 years to bring BRAC to different countries?” My response: “Bangladesh was my universe for 30 years. I never considered that it could be an export product.” But now I think it might be, partly based on our experiences in Afghanistan. Although we’d obviously have to incorporate changes related to culture and traditions, I believe the basic elements, such as health, nutrition, education, family planning, women’s empowerment and the like are globally applicable.”

BRAC as an export product

Since the start of the century, BRAC has become an ‘export product’. The organisation is currently active in 11 countries in Asia and Africa with social development programmes in the field of education and health, and is working on economic enhancements via micro-credit, savings programmes and social enterprises that should eventually help BRAC become (more) independent of donors.
Abed: “We are not yet well-known in these export countries and still have to prove ourselves. We now primarily depend on donors, but here too we will establish and support small social enterprises – which we initially call programme-supported enterprises – to become self-sufficient.”

Donors remain crucial

Abed suddenly seems concerned that his enthusiasm for these entrepreneurial ambitions of BRAC may give the wrong impression. “I want to underline that the role of donors was and remains crucial. The family planning programme is fully financed by donors, and wouldn’t have been possible without a consortium of donors, led by UNICEF. And UNICEF is also funded by the Dutch!” 

Dutch flavour

The (as yet) modest BRAC International satellite in The Hague also has the task of making the methods of the organisation – which doesn’t have a clear image in our region except among development aid connoisseurs and could be characterised as a ‘sleeping giant’ – better known and to attract potential donors and social investors. The ‘Dutch flavour’ is represented in BRAC’s international Supervisory Board, which includes Sylvia Borren (Director of Greenpeace until September 2016).

Playing the long game

Sir Abed hopes his organisation can interest donors who are triggered by the results – which are independently checked by three prestigious universities – but not the instant results: “We are playing the long game. We hope to convince donors to see our main ambition: banishing poverty worldwide. For the first time in the history of humanity we have a realistic chance to remove extreme poverty from our planet. I probably won’t live to see it, but I believe it’s possible in 30 to 40 years, in line with the ambition of the SDGs. The primary goal is: ‘no poverty’.”

“I could have stayed small and sweet with BRAC, but I’m not interested in small and sweet. I always wanted to be large and impactful.”

►More information: and

RED: measuring is knowing
The Research and Evaluation Division (RED) of BRAC was established in 1975 and has since developed into a multidisciplinary, independent research unit within the BRAC organisation. The studies and evaluations it performs play an integral role in the development of BRAC activities, monitoring progress, documenting performances and realising impact studies. The findings provide an analytical basis for the programme decisions by BRAC, the option of fine-tuning to enhance performance, and ensure that development aid is evidence-based and effective, as well as aligned to the needs of the target group.
RED carries out research into agriculture, health care, (non-)communicable diseases, education, environment, extreme poverty, food security and nutrition, micro-financing, social development and human rights. Independently and together with renowned academic institutions and international organisations, it also focuses on issues of (inter)national importance. REDs research is used to support the programmes of BRAC International in Asia and Africa.

Monday, July 27, 2020

will eu protect humanity for 3 months nov-feb

ever since my father, the economist's norman macrae,  reported on birth of european union messina 1955 disgusting top-down politicians different ,from the practical eu founders, have failed totally to protect the world leaving everything to usa

if biden is elected the 3 months from late november will be the most dangerous the world has ever faced from hi-tech  bad dictators wherever you think they lurk behind national platforms with or without nuclear or virus weapons

]will the rotten 21st c european union -failed sub prime, failed on policies in south east europe, failed on tech apprenticeships,  faile on ukraine and east europe, failed on infrastructure across eurasia even though it was euro empires that trapped asians in poverty? -  for one quarter puts its arguments with britain and others aside and protect humanity- if it fails every eu leader should face the french guillotine

and what if trump is re-elected - god knows but that will also be in part due to pathetic failure of europe to oppose trump on every lie, every issues of , every failure to share knowhow on virus ...